People move for a large variety of reasons. The most basic reason being to get from place to place, to transport us. This basic form of moving for the sole purpose of travel has become much less common today, especially in the US, with the advent of the automobile. People today tend to move for exercise purposes much more than was ever seen in the past. We have moved not only to traveling in a sedentary way, but to working in a much more sedentary way. Today the vast majority of Americans work in cubicles or offices and communicate via email and instant messages without even needing to leave their desks. In addition to that Americans are increasingly bombarded with doughnuts and pastries making more important than eve to move, as opposed to the days of our grandparents when many more people actually did physical labor. However we are now starting to fight back against this physically sedentary lifestyle and are getting out there and exercising. In addition to the exercise and health aspect people are moving for sheer enjoyment today in dance (although I donâ€™t get much enjoyment out of dance many people do), in organized sports, and in recreation whether that be a back yard football game or a weekend skiing or something as simple as walking around the block.
When someone experiences a lose they must first grieve over it consequently a person first is adjusting to that person or thing they lose not being there and getting past the huge change it has cause in their life. They must have time to come to terms with this.
1. Denial and Isolation, people need time to get away after a lose that is natural, although it is natural they and acceptable they at some point need to move past that.
2. Anger, the next step is anger people get anger at God or the world for causing there lose. This anger is usually misdirected and unjustified, the person really has no right to be angry, but more often than not it is no use telling them that; they have to come to terms with what they are really angry at and realize what they really are angry at. Often times the problem is this person has all there hope in this world and they have lost something they have so much hope in and realize they will never get it back in this life time. If the person does not believe in heaven this is a particularly hard step to get past and often times people never get past this step.
3. Bargaining, If and when people move past the angry often times they move on to bargaining, they are so desperate to get back what they can not that they deceive themselves in to believing that they can some how make a deal for it. This is particularly dangerous step that people go through, because it can lead to people doing things that they may comprise there morals and consequently leave them in despair afterwards, hence the next step is depression (funny how one thing leads to another).
4. Depression, Once people have come to terms with the loss being permanent and realize they can not get that thing or person back every in this life time, and have gotten over being mad about it, have tried everything they could think of to get that lose back they being to trying to cope with it or they become depressed. Since they have tried everything they are left in the position of there being no hope to recoup their lose, they sink deep into despair and often times will not come out of it until they see that there is still some hope in this life since they are still alive. And so long as you are alive there is always hope to be found. Once again it is not much use telling them this, they have to come to terms with this on there own.
5. Acceptance, once they have come to terms with their loss and gotten over all the other negative aspects they get to the point where they realize all is not loss. They still have there life at least, and that is all that one really needs to continue on, although often times people still have a lot more than this, that is all that is required for acceptance. They have no where to go besides staying it the one of the previous steps, suicide, or accepting the loss. After they have been through all the past steps and see that there is indeed no way to get what they lose back they, begin to come to terms with the lose and accept that person or thing can never be gotten back and simply move past it, because all is not loss; until one is dead anyway. Once youâ€™re dead it is all over, then there is nothing left to do except face your eternal fortune or doom. For a person to come to acceptance they have to realize this. Once a person has come to acceptance they will still have to continue to work through the pain and adjust to tier new environment, because as long as they live they have this memory of the loss and it will always hurt as long as they live, but you know what they say it is better to have loved and loss than never to have love at all.
In contemporary America we face many challenges of diversity as teachers. Of these challenges one of the most difficult is the lack of family support for many students of a diverse background. Some of these are moral issues and others are cultural. One of the largest issues involving morality is the desertion of the nuclear family by many racial minority and lower socioeconomic groups (often times they are members of both groups); it is hard to say why many of these people have discarded the concept of the nuclear family, except that it may be related with the culture of many minority groups, since practices like polygamy were once common place in Africa and many other countries around the world. Unfortunately, those practices also contribute to many family problems. In this country we have made polygamy illegal, but nonetheless we have many of the same sexual practices that contribute to those problems. Additionally, we have change the definition of monogamy and applied it even to those that have had multiple partners. While they may technically be in a monogamous relationship they still bring into their next relationship the consequence of their previous relationships, which must be dealt with. Do not get me wrong I am not advocating against providing support for these families after that bear the consequences of many previously failed relationship. They obviously need and should receive help. These after the fact consequences are one thing, but before the fact we should not encourage these types of causal relationships. Without a nuclear family for support students are often faced with fending for themselves at home after school, and are less able to get help on homework and are often left wondering why the missing parent has abandoned them. Schools are now trying to address these problems with more after school programs for student support and mentoring partners for children.
As for the issues of a cultural nature such as the language bearer, this poses a particularly difficult problem, which is often compounded with the family problems. Parents are often left less fluent with the language than their children. This leaves parents almost completely unable to help their children with school work; because of they lack the native language which assignments are presented in, or they lack the background in concepts unique to the English language which would be necessary to provide the best assistance whether or not the assignments could be converted. Schools have taken steps to address this problem with things such as language classes for parents. Also students may face many other problems such as being misclassified into a special education class because of the language bearer when in fact they are really of normal intellectual ability, but are simply unfamiliar with the language. An example of how this may happen can easily be seen with the Arabic or Hebrew languages, which are written and read from right to left as opposed to English which is always read form left to right. Something such as this could lead teachers to believe that a child may have dyslexia when in fact it is just confusion between languages. We must be careful not treat children who lack English skills as thou they lack intellectual skills.
November 22nd, 2005
The Providence Journal
Overweight youths face orthopedic ills
By the associated press
Just what we need yet more proof that obesity is bad. Now on top of diabetes and heart disease, now in a new study led by Dr. Jack Yanovski they have linked obesity to an increase rate of bone fracture, and hip joint abnormalities, which can lead to deformities. It is very unfortunate that we live in a society were obesity is becoming more and more prevalent. It is defiantly best to not become obese in the first place especially as a child that is really where we need to prevent it. Here is what Dr Yanovski had to say on the results of a study by the Obesity Society in Vancouver, British Columbia, as reported by The Providence Journal â€œThe combination of musculoskeletal pain and poor mobility may possibly lead to less physical activity… and perpetuate the vicious cycle,â€
November 17th, 2005
Under study: Drug helps weakest hearts and
Decaf coffee linked to higher LDL levels
These two articles or brief reports of study results were on the same page very close to each other so I figure I would link them together as one article although they are on completely different topics. The first is about a new drug called levosimendan that has been showed to boast the pumping power in heart failure patients. The results seem to be encouraging Packer reported at some meeting that it increased patients chances of regaining stability by 1/3 and reduces there chance of getting even worse by 30%, in a 600 patient study he did. That sounds pretty good to me 33% or so chance of getting better and a 30% chance of not getting worst. Sounds like a 63% chance that it will help, although 600 patients seems like a small sample to base to much expectation in just yet.
As for the coffee; it seems that drinking caffeinated coffee is actually better for you than drinking decaf. Then again I surmise that what is actually better is all relative, because no matter which you drink it is a trade off between the lesser of two bad things; maybe that is why this study actually treated coffee rightfully as a drug. It seems that decaf coffee may not actually be the best way to go, because they make up for lack of caffeine in decaf by using more fats that create favorable taste, but raise bad cholesterol.
Well it seems even after all the talk lately about school junk food we are not making much progress in getting it out of the schools. It is competing in 9 out of 10 schools. I imagine that they probably are reluctant to remove in because it sells so much better, but I do not know why schools were in the business of making money off of student. It is not necessarily a bad thing per say that they make money off of the food, but they have a captive audience so if they get rid of most of the junk food children are not going to get it as easily. Granted many will still bring it in from home, but at least the school will not be contributing to the problem. At least Nevada is taking a step in the right direction, but I don’t know about the high school students counting the time they walk between classes towards physical education. If I remember anything about high school there was not vigorous exercise involved in walking between classed, except at Pearl City High School, where I was for the first half of freshman year, I had a class at the bottom of a hill, then had to go up to a fourth floor class room. Now they are rightful comparing junk food to smoking and how smoking went from cool to uncool. Well while that is true it one sense, in another sense being fat has always been uncool. Then of course there was those who did not get fat, but ate bad, those are probably the hardest to convince that they need to change there diet because they do not see the consequences right away.
MARLENE GARCIA, email@example.com
October 29, 2005
A recent study by the Government Accounting Office found that soda, chips, candy and other junk food compete with nutritionally-balanced foods in nine out of 10 schools in the country.
“Parents should know that our schools are now one of the largest sources of unhealthy food for their kids,” said Sen. Tom Harkin, D-Iowa, who asked for the study. “Would anyone advocate that we take the fences off the playground for elementary schools and just let kids run around in the streets? By the same token, why would we allow schools to sort of poison our kids with junk food?”
The Churchill County School District is beginning to implement a plan to remove junk food from Fallon schools. The policy is mandated by state law and the Nevada Department of Education. The Churchill County School Board discussed the new policy Thursday. It must be implemented in Fallon by July 2006.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, an estimated 16 percent of children ages 6-19 are overweight, and the number more than doubled in the past three years.
Health officials fear if the problem isn’t addressed now, it will lead to an epidemic of childhood obesity and its related health consequences, such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, hypertension and some types of cancers.
The CDC has predicted that one in three children born in 2000 will develop diabetes.
Overweight children also suffer from low self-esteem and depression that affects grades.
Dave Gustafson, a teacher at E.C. Best Elementary School, said the schools are once again being asked to solve a problem that should be addressed at home.
“It seems to be again the schools are taking over parental duties. Kids don’t get fat at school,” Gustafson said.
Donnell Barton, director of the office of child nutrition and school health for the Nevada Department of Education, hopes the changes at school will carry over into the home.
“Hopefully, what the kids learn at school they will go home and teach their parents,” she said. “We liken it to cigarette smoking. Twenty or 30 years ago, smoking was a cool thing to do. I think there will be a change in attitude and the foods we eat.”
Barton said there is also a movement in Nevada to require physical education for every student every day. She said it would cost millions of dollars if school districts are forced to provide those classes.
The new wellness policy that will remove junk food from schools, requires that at least 30 minutes a day be designated for physical activity beginning in 2007. Barton said the time high school students use to walk between classes can be counted as exercise.
Studies have shown that children have become more sedentary, spending more time watching television and playing video games than getting physical activity, which contributes to obesity.
With AP reports
Thursday October 20th, 2005
- USA Today
Antiseptic soaps bubble up again
By Rita Rubin
â€œA search of the medical literature did not reveal any studies that were able to demonstrate a link between the use of a specific consumer antiseptic and a reduction in infection rate,â€ according to a memo be FDA reviewers
Also â€œThe importance of this factor is uncertain, largely because the current data are conflicting and unclear.â€ Well it apparently sounds like know one know anything about this for sure, but some want to call it bad because it can cause the bacteria to build resistance to the antiseptic soap. According to the article the problematic antibacterial things are triclosan in liquid soaps and triclocarban in hard soaps. Only there is also a study that says it is ok after finding no increase resistance after year of studying it. Levy basically said that the year long study found no increase in resistance, but more extensive and longer term use of triclosan might be a problematic and should be studied. Which really does not say that much. Of course there is the whole killing of the good bacteria that we talked about in class which was not really mentioned in the article. Apparently they are not as worried about good bacteria being killed. I wonder maybe the good bacteria could build resistance too then we could have both super good bacteria and super bad bacteria. Just an idea, but I imagine it is more of the bad bacteria that would build up resistance then get in and wreck havoc.
Thursday October 6th, 2005
- The Providence Journal
Killer flu of 1918 linked to bird virus
By Gina Kolata
The New York Times
Looks like the Providence Journal stole this from the New York Times; well not really but somehow they got most of there information form the New York Times I guess. I found this article absolutely incredible that they were able to actually find bodies from the 1918 flu epidemic. Apparently we have a whole warehouse full of autopsy tissue in the US somewhere since President Abraham Lincoln established it. If thatâ€™s not enough they were then able to dig some women who was buried in the permafrost of Alaska and find samples of the flu from her lungs. That whole thing is just so crazy it sounds like something right out of CSI, but it is really life. On top of all that they now have this flu virus reconstructed sitting around in a lab somewhere how chilling is that; it is akin to the ultimate biological weapon. It would categorically not be good if the virus did fall into the wrong hands. If there is an outbreak of this flu we are in for huge problems since, one we can not even get enough of the tamiflu or whatever it is called. Then there is there is no guarantee that the stuff will even help. So if this flu does outbreak the only thing we would really be able to do is try to quarantine it. It is just one more thing to add to the growing list of possible things that can kill you.
Well apparently liars have different brain patterns. It seems that liars have more white matter that moves information, but does not actually process it. That makes sense since liars would be moving things around more since nothing really fits in together and they have to keep changing there stories. I really do not understand why people feel they need to lie all the time, maybe it is addicting once you get into it you must get entangled in the lies and just keep lying, but eventually it all comes crashing down on you. This could probably be used perfectly to develop a new polygraph test after they study it more and figure out for sure that it is something that people can control and that people conscious make those differences by lying; that it is not solely a correlation between the brain differences and lying. I do however believe they always have a decision whether or not to lie it is just which decision comes more natural and which is the hard decision. I guess these doctors think that pathologic lying have no control over lying, well they must still have control they just get to the point where they have convinced themselves they are actually tell the truth, and actually believe that. That is why polygraphs seem stupid now since they are not going to be able to detect a person lying that has convinced themselves what they are saying is true, but if they find this brain correlation to be truly a correlation between lying and not lying then they will be able to detect the pathologic liar.
Liars’ brains ‘are not the same’
A deceitful person’s brain is different, the study suggests
Habitual liars’ brains differ from those of honest people, a study says.
A University of Southern California team studied 49 people and found those known to be pathological liars had up to 26% more white matter than others.
White matter transmits information and grey matter processes it. Having more white matter in the prefrontal cortex may aid lying, the researchers said,
But the British Journal of Psychiatry said there were likely to be more differences in the brains of liars.
Participants were volunteers drawn from five temporary employment agencies in Los Angeles.
Three separate groups were studied.
The issue is always how much of our behaviour is under voluntary control and how much is innate
Dr Cosmo Hallstrom, Consultant Psychiatrist
The first consisted of 12 men and women with a history of being pathological liars; the second was 21 people who did not have a history of lying or anti-social behaviour.
The third group consisted of 16 people with anti-social personality disorder but no history of pathological lying. They were studied to see if they showed the same brain make-up as liars.
The researchers drew up a list of criteria for lying, cheating and deceiving, including habits such as conning people or behaving manipulatively, and telling lies in order to obtain sickness benefits.
They also assessed how much grey and white matter people had in the prefrontal cortex areas of their brains, using structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Liars were found to have between 22 and 26% more white matter than either those with no history of lying or those in the anti-social group.
The findings could not be explained by differences in age, ethnicity, IQ, head injury or substance misuse.
This is the first study to show a brain difference in people who lie, cheat and manipulate others, the researchers said.
They said the study could help research into areas such as people who feign illness.
The findings are in line with previous studies which showed children with autism are less capable of lying than other children.
Brain neurodevelopmental studies of autism show people with the condition have more grey matter than white matter – the opposite pattern to the liars in this study.
The researchers say the link between white matter and a deceitful personality could be that white matter provides a person with the cognitive capacity to lie.
Writing in the British Journal of Psychiatry, the research team led by Dr Yaling Yang, say: “To our knowledge, this is the first study to show a brain abnormality in people who lie, cheat and manipulate others.
“The results further implicate the prefrontal cortex as an important – but not sole – component in the neural circuitry underlying lying, and provide an initial neurological correlate of a deceitful personality.”
They add: “Further studies are required to examine changes in brain anatomy during the critical neurodevelopmental period in childhood, alongside changes in lying ability, to test further our preliminary hypothesis on the link between prefrontal white matter and lying.”
Dr Cosmo Hallstrom, a consultant psychiatrist in London, said: “The issue is always how much of our behaviour is under voluntary control and how much is innate.
“The finding of brain abnormalities lends weight to the idea that a strong component of such difficulties may well be beyond voluntary control at least in part.”